Instead of taking public transportation by using Pasmo or Suica, you can get a pretty good discount by using commutation tickets. For example, you can buy 11 Tokyo Metro weekday commutation tickets for the price of 10, and 14 commutation tickets for the same price for weekends.
But in terms of accounting, is it different from buying a regular ticket? I will explain how to journalize such transactions by using Cagamee.
There are 2 recording methods; one is recording on a strict accrual basis, and the other is a simplified method.
Recording on strict accrual basis
When purchasing commutation tickets
You should record the transaction on the balance sheet by using Supplies and Cash ledgers.
Purchased 11 weekday commutation tickets for 200 yen distance for the total price of 2000.
When using commutation tickets
You should decrease supplies and expense it as travel cost.
The cost is not 200 yen per ticket, but 182 yen because you have to divide 2000 yen by 11 tickets. The consumption tax recording is also done when using, rather than purchasing, the commutation tickets.
Used one commutation ticket for a distance worth 200 yen.
(including 16 yen consumption tax)
(2,000 / 11)
The simplified method expenses the whole amount if the amount is relatively small.
When using a simplified method, you should capitalize the remaining tickets when closing the book.
There are 6 unused commutation tickets at the end of the accounting period.
(2,000 / 11 * 6)
Even if you use the simplified method, it is advisable to record the usage dates and travel destinations for fraud prevention and tax inspection.